Farming in India and Methods Use By Indian Farmer
Farming in India is well utilized, according to their different regions where they are most suitable. The farming has significantly contributed to the agriculture sector of India are subsistence farming, organic farming, and industrial farming.
The Indian farmer had discovered and begun farming of various spices and sugarcane. India is the 2nd largest producer of agricultural products in the world. In fact, agriculture contributes as much as 6.1% to our Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Here let find out the different methods used by the Indian farmer and how it helps them to grow all the variety of crops that we consumed and exports:
Agricultural Methods used by the Indian Farmer
Farming is one of the oldest work activities in India. The different region has used different methods in farming. However, all these methods have significantly transformed over the years with changes in weather and climatic conditions, technological innovations and socio-cultural practices. The Farming methods common in India are as follows:
1). Primitive Subsistence Farming
2). Intensive Subsistence Farming
3). Commercial Farming
1. Primitive Subsistence Farming:
The primitive farming method and farmers are still used in some parts of the country. This type of subsistence farming is normally done on the small areas of land with the uses of indigenous tools like a hoe, dao, digging sticks, etc. Usually, a family or the local communities of Indian farmers are engaged in these farming methods that use the output for their own eating use. This is the most natural method, where the growth of crops but dependent on the rain, heat, fertility of the soil and other environmental conditions.
The key to this farming technique is the ‘slash and burn’ technique. In this method, once the crops are grown and harvested, the farmers used to burn the land. Then they move to a clear patch of land for a new batch of cultivation of land. Because of these the land gains back its fertility, naturally. Because no fertilizers are used for cultivation, the primitive subsistence method yields good quality crops and also retains the properties of the soil back.
2. Intensive Subsistence Farming:
Intensive Subsistence Farming another variation of subsistence farming. In this method, cultivation happens across the large areas of land and thus, it required more labor for work. Also, to get a high amount of produce chemical fertilizers and different irrigation methods are used to yield more crops.
The Intensive subsistence farming yields two types of crops one is wet and the second is dry. The wet crops include paddy and for dry ones varies from wheat, pulses, maize, millets, soya-beans, tubers, and vegetables.
3. Commercial Farming
In this farming method, the Indian farmer uses a high amount of fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides to enhance and maintain the growth of the crops. Depending on the crop best suited to the respective weather and soil, commercial farming in India varies across different regions.
For example, Haryana, Punjab and West Bengal grow rice commercially, while it is a subsistence crop in Orissa. Major crops grown commercially in India are wheat, pulses, millets, maize and other grains, vegetables, and fruits.
This type of farming is what contributes to the country’s economy with huge volumes of yield. In fact, the crops grown commercially in India are used as an export item across the world.
At Ibphub we have the list of farming service providers, farm development, farming consultant services, farm development services and other farming services providers from all over India. We at Indian Business Pages have complete details of manufacturers, suppliers, and exporters of farming and farming products.