Know about Aircraft Engines and Components

Engines:

Aircraft engines are either piston engines, gas turbines, or electric motors. Smaller planes use an internal combustion piston engine. UAV (Unmanned Aviation Vehicle) generally uses an electric motor. The Aircraft Engine is the power component of the Aircraft Propulsion System and it usually refers as Aer-Engines.

Piston (or reciprocating) engines are of different types such as in-line engine, v-type engine, horizontally opposed engine, H configuration engine, Radial engine, Rotary engine, Wankel engine and combustion engine.

Helicopter and auxiliary power units use turboshaft engines. Turboprop, Turbojet, Turbofan, Jet turbines, electric power engine, pulse jets engine, rocket engines, precooled jet engines and piston-turbofan hybrid are various types of engines used in different types of aircraft.

Components:

Aircraft has main five components which are Fuselage, wings, empennage, power plant and landing Gear.

The fuselage is one of the major components of aircraft. The fuselage is the body of the Aircraft which includes passenger sitting, cargo and cockpit at the front. It’s in a hollow tube shape.

Wings are generally known as foils. The usual design in most aircraft is the large wings are at the middle of the aircraft body and the smaller wings are at the tail of the aircraft. An aircraft needs a lifting force to fly and the wind which goes over the large wings provides that lifting force to it. Hence wings enhance smooth flying at heights

The empennage is the tail of the aircraft and is also called a stabilizer. As the name suggests stabilizer provides stability to an aircraft. It governs the movement and turns of the aircraft with help of two subcomponents namely Rudder and Elevator. Rudder governs the right to left movements of the aircraft. The elevator governs the up-down movements of the plane.

A power plant is a complex structure of a plane that produces the power or force of an aircraft with the help of its subcomponents and other parts. Two subcomponents of a power plant are Engine and Propeller. Cylinder, fans and pistons are other parts of the power plant structure

Landing Gear enhances smooth and safe take-off, flying and landing of an aircraft. The subcomponents of landing gear are Shock Absorbers and wheels on the aircraft.

The engine and components are the basics of an aircraft structure. The good quality of both of them enhances the safety, class, features and value of an aircraft. Improved technology is developing and available in both engines and components. It’s a leading industry of modern times and various options are available worldwide.

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