Know about Aircraft Engines and Components

Engines:

Aircraft engines are either piston engines, gas turbine or electric motor. Smaller planes use an internal-combustion piston engine. UAV (Unmanned Aviation Vehicle) generally uses electric motor. Aircraft Engine is the power component of Aircraft Propulsion System and it usually refers as Aer-Engines.

Piston (or reciprocating) engine are of different types such as in-line engine, v-type engine, horizontally opposed engine, H configuration engine, Radial engine, Rotary engine, Wankel engine and combustion engine.

Helicopter and auxiliary power units use turboshaft engines. Turboprop, Turbojet, Turbofan, Jet turbines, electric power engine, pulse jets engine, rocket engines, precooled jet engines and piston-turbofan hybrid are various types of engine used in different types of aircrafts.

Components:

Aircraft has main five components which are Fuselage, wings, empennage, power plant and landing Gear.

Fuselage is one of the major components of aircraft. Fuselage is the body of the Aircraft which includes passenger sitting, cargo and cockpit at the front. It’s in hollow tube shape.

Wings generally known as foils. The usual design in most of the aircraft is the large wings are at the middle of the aircraft body and the smaller wings are at the tail of the aircraft. An aircraft needs a lifting force to fly and the wind which goes over the large wings provide that lifting force to it. Hence wings enhance smooth flying at heights

Empennage is the tail of the aircraft and also called stabilizer. As the name suggests stabilizer provides stability to an aircraft. It governs the movement and turns of the aircraft with help of two subcomponents namely Rudder and Elevator. Rudder governs the right to left movements of the aircraft. Elevator governs up down movements of the plane.

Power plant is a complex structure of plane which produce the power or force of an aircraft with the help of its subcomponents and other parts. Two subcomponents of power plant are Engine and Propeller. Cylinder, fans and pistons are other parts of power plant structure

Landing Gear enhance smooth and safe take off, flying and landing of an aircraft. The subcomponents of landing gear are Shock Absorbers and wheels on the aircraft.

The engine and components are basics of an aircraft structure. Good quality of both of them enhance the safety, class, features and value of an aircraft. Improved technology is developing and available in both engines and components. It’s a leading industry of modern times and various options are available in them worldwide.

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